But other players might be able to yell with emotion and not be so harshly penalized. Not Green. When Green got called for another foul trying to block Carmelo Anthony in the third quarter, he turned away from the action on the floor and the officials to scream in frustration. But Anthony went after him, looking like he was trying to deliberately draw Green into another technical.
The emotions on display made an already entertaining game even more so. The Thunder remain in position to be a potential second-round opponent for the Warriors, currently sitting fifth in the Western Conference standings. It would be an emotional, entertaining and difficult matchup. Ann Killion is a San Francisco Chronicle columnist. Email: akillion sfchronicle. More by Ann Killion. Top of the News. Giants By Bruce Jenkins Was baseball better 50 years ago?
Retribution of the Meek - Visions - Rare
Chronicle readers weigh in. These is the 'pragmatic-utilitarian model' according to which recompense is embodied in the consequences of a person's deeds, and the 'divine retribution model' according to which God renders to human beings on the basis of their actions. The rhetoric of admonition and exhortation found in the OT is often used to appeal to the listeners' 'common sense on the basis of the concept of morality, employing an epistemology founded concomitantly on universal truths and on Israelite morality and law' Forti Some of the teachings found in the OT as well as in the New Testament are set within a religious-moral framework founded upon the principle of divine retribution, while others reflect a pragmatic or utilitarian model, implying that the nature of an action determines its consequences Forti , Dt A comparison of 2 Kings with 2 Chronicles ff.
King Azariah Uzziah of Judah was struck by Yahweh with leprosy. The author of Chronicles concludes that the king must have committed a sin verses It is stated that Uzziah made an offering that he restricted to the priests and for which his leprosy is a form of punishment Kutsch , cited in Wittenberg Furthermore, wisdom literature provides us with the concept of retribution both divine and pragmatic.
Retribution of Scyrah
In the book of Job is stated that his friends explained Job's suffering as a result of his sinning. Eliphaz says:. Remember: who that was innocent ever perished? Or where were the upright cut off? As I have seen, those who plough iniquity and sow trouble reap the same. By the breath of God they perish, and by the blast of his anger they are consumed.
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Job Because Job's friends felt sure that his illness was caused by sin they counselled him to repent and to submit himself to God's judgment Job , Like modern prophets and prophetesses in African Pentecostal-charismatic churches, Job's friends are convinced that their doctrine is a valid explanation of Job's plight. But Job denies guilt Job He questions the validity of the principle of retribution:. Why do the wicked live on, reach old age, and grow mighty in power?
Their offspring are established in their presence, and their descendants before their eyes. Their houses are safe from fear, and no rod of God is upon them … They spend their days in prosperity, and in peace they go down to Sheol. Job , As Job's friends see it, the righteous person saddiq who meets the requirements of God's commandments will prosper while a wicked person will suffer Menezes For them, in God's just order of creation, the person who obeys God's commandments will ultimately be blessed by God whereas any wealth gained by unjust means will soon vanish Wittenberg Reality shows that bad things also happen to good people.
There is no recognisable link between righteousness and prosperity. Many people suffer poverty and pain due to structural forces at play in society Wittenberg , The age of the Maccabees seems to have had a notion of future divine retribution Beecher Martyrdom, belief in resurrection and faith in eternal retribution pervaded the army of Judas Maccabeus. The belief in immortality and eternal retribution was apparent in the performance of heroic actions and courageously borne suffering.
Many didactic statements of the Christian church in the first centuries of its existence embodied this belief. The church fathers during the patristic period interpreted the Bible allegorically and in a manner that emphasised future retribution. Punishments and blessings in the OT were regarded as types or symbols of spiritual punishments and blessings.
Thus, natural disease and death were seen as symbols of spiritual disease and death Beecher The idea of future retribution has remained part of the beliefs and practices of the Christian church but the notion is extended to include a future life so that the idea of eternity is added. Eternal life or eternal fire is believed to await human beings after death. This perspective, propagated by mainline churches, spread intense fear among Christians Beecher However, Pentecostal-charismatic churches in Africa no longer believe in future retribution.
Retribution of the Meek - Visions - Rare
They believe in blessings and curses that affect the present life Phiri ; Togarasei Phiri and Gifford show that Pentecostal-charismatic churches in African countries such as Zambia and Ghana believe in God's blessings in life here and now. Reasons for the growth of Pentecostal-charismatic churches. A number of factors have contributed to the growth of those churches in Africa that adhere to a variety of forms of Pentecostalism.
Attempts have been made to identify and describe these different forms that have changed the face of Christianity on the continent Anderson ; Anderson et al. Lado identifies four main variants of African Pentecostalism, namely the independent African churches with Pentecostal features also called spiritual churches , the classic Pentecostal churches dependent or independent , the neo-Pentecostal churches, and the charismatic movements within the Roman Catholic or Protestant churches. There is a wide range of Christian views and practices that share characteristics and are associated with renewal movements.
Generally, the different Pentecostal-charismatic churches have certain expressions in common, based on a shared concern that unites them, namely the emphasis on prophecy, the power of the Holy Spirit, the material prosperity of believers and healing miracles Amanze ; Hazra In this context a first point of importance is that the theology of Pentecostal-charismatic churches accords well with the spirituality of African initiated churches and African traditional religion Amanze ; Kalu Kalu rightly observes that 'Pentecostalism has produced a culture of continuity by mining primal worldview, reproducing an identifiable character, and regaining a pneumatic and charismatic religiosity that existed in traditional African society'.
African theologians have shown that many African worldviews consider life on earth in relation to religion and the spirit world Pobee Rites of passage such as birth, puberty, marriage and death have a spiritual significance.
Events and phenomena such as infertility, drought, road accidents, etc. Underlying this view is the belief that humankind is vulnerable to spiritual forces. Consequently salvation is perceived as the freedom from spiritual powers that limit or hinder humans in their striving for well-being. In other words, in the African traditional religion salvation occurs in the here and now and brings physical and spiritual well-being Mbiti African theologians have attributed the rapid growth of Christianity in Africa to the notion of Africans being inherently, or 'notoriously' as John Mbiti puts it, religious Togarasei Thus, the emphasis on material success found in Pentecostal-charismatic churches is due, not so much to secularism, but to the tenets of African religio-culture.
Nyamiti observes that:. African religious behavior is centered mainly on man's life in this world, with the consequence that religion is chiefly functional, or a means to serve people to acquire earthly goods and to maintain social cohesion and order.
Indigenous Africans continue to adhere to certain basic elements of African traditional religion and culture. African Pentecostal-charismatic churches have shown resilience in engaging with aspects of both globalisation and African worldviews. Amanze observes:.
Therefore, there appears to be an insatiable need among Africans to have the power that can enable them to manipulate both natural and supernatural powers in order to achieve their objectives in life. Due to this need, many Africans are attracted to the performances of prophets and prophetesses in Pentecostal-charismatic churches where they are promised good health, prosperity, marriages and travelling opportunities to the UK or America. Material blessings fertility and children, good health, secure shelter, plentiful harvests are explained as signs of divine blessing. Conversely, all the problems occurring in life are seen as having spiritual provenance.
In other words, the root of all problems is spiritual and, therefore, the solution must also be spiritual. It implies that every individual is responsible for his or her success in life. If one cannot overcome by oneself the forces that hinder success, one has to look for assistance from those who have the power needed to summon or manipulate spiritual forces. In response to the general social and political situation in a continent that is characterised by challenges of poverty, disease, civil war, unemployment, the need to find marriage partners, barrenness and, generally, the lack of responsible government, many people turn to Pentecostal-charismatic churches, looking for help.
It is now becoming common practice to visit so-called 'prophets' who feature on satellite television and in social media as being able to meet various needs in peoples' lives. In addition, as a result of contemporary migration from the global south to the global north, African forms of Christianity are 'exported' to Europe and America. Hence the number of migrant churches in Europe is increasing Jenkins In Africa, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, the expansion of Pentecostal-charismatic churches has impacted on mission churches. The strong desire of people to see their socio-political environment and their economic position improve, makes them turn to the Pentecostals and many mission churches have lost members.
Sometimes mission churches find that their members belong to Pentecostal-charismatic churches as well because they crave the performance of miracles that promise a response to their social and economic needs cf. Kalu To stop members from joining Pentecostal-charismatic churches or from having dual church membership, mission churches have allowed their congregations to indulge in expressions of worship that are more commonly found in Pentecostal-charismatic churches UCZ Synod These include speaking in tongues and using holy water and anointing oil when performing healing sessions.
Some forms of worship include the use of blessed clothes, perceived as having healing powers, and accentuating the possibility of attaining material blessings such as being married and getting a car, a job, or a visa for the USA or the UK cf. Anderson ; Kalu , Undoubtedly, the featuring of prophecy and miracles plays a prominent role in the growth of Pentecostal-charismatic churches Amanze ; Anderson ; Kalu , Amanze succinctly captures this phenomenon:.
The church in Africa is growing in leaps and bounds - unprecedented in the history of Christianity since its introduction on the continent in the 19th century.
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This growth and development, however, is taking place mainly in the New Religious Movements, particularly the Pentecostal-charismatic churches because of their emphasis on the prophetic ministry characterised by performance of healing miracles and predicting the future. The phenomenon of prophecy whereby predictions are thought to be fulfilled inspires the faithful with a trust that the prophet or prophetess concerned is indeed a person of God.
Amanze states that TB Joshua's healing miracles and prophecies which appear to be accurate 'seem to attract many people to SCOAN who strongly believe that Joshua has supernatural powers bestowed upon him by God'. The author of the present article concurs with Amanze but adds that, inherent in the prophecies and related activities that attract people to SCOAN and to many other Pentecostal-charismatic churches in Africa, is the principle of retribution. These visits by African leaders have inspired many Africans to follow their example and make a pilgrimage to Nigeria in search of prophecy and healing miracles Amanze , 8, 9.
A close look at the ministry of TB Joshua as shown on his live Sunday services on Emmanuel TV and at SCOAN website information teaches us that, clearly, thousands of people are attracted to this church by prophetic messages, healing and messages referring to material success that are reinforced by a theology of retribution.
According to Amanze TB Joshua does predict events that indeed come to pass. A video surfaced of TB Joshua warning South Africa for a 'youth revolt' in their nation that would result in the death of 'certain people'. In the nation South Africa, we should help them in prayer because I am seeing youth revolt. It will be very serious.
enter A situation where youth will come out and … you learn that there is a protest. Some people were killed - certain people. Njoku ; Emmanuel TV, 28 July If we fail to see that there are powers that cause people to be bowed down in bondage, we are going to fight the wrong battle … I pray for my nation, South Africa. As Jesus stood in the boat and commanded the storms to be calm, I stand in the midst of the storm in my nation, South Africa and I command the storm, wind and waves to be calm, in the name of Jesus! I speak calmness to my nation, South Africa, in the name of Jesus!
Njoku ; eNCA, 13 August His predictions have made of TB Joshua arguably the most popular pastor in Africa.
TB Joshua usually links the problems of his visitors to their sinful lives. He begins by finding out for what specific problem they need his help. He then links it to some sinful deed in a person's past or present and asks him or her to repent. After receiving the miracle of healing, the client promises to follow Jesus and not to sin anymore. Clients normally shout: 'Man of God, I will sin no more'. The phenomenon of prediction and fulfilment, coupled with a belief that every good act attracts blessings and every bad deed gets punished, makes SCOAN attractive to many Christians.
According to Amanze it cannot be denied that prophet TB Joshua's predictions come true and that often his knowledge of things that have happened in secret turns out to be correct Amanze , The principle of retribution appears to be supported by the traditional African belief that someone is always responsible for the negative events in one's life.